Curriculum

Every semester, professors offer courses taken from the following list.

 

Ethics and Political Philosophy

 

Ethics I – FIL3121

Analysis of some of the basic issues and concepts of ethics (good and evil, duty, happiness, justice, virtue etc.) based on their development in modern philosophy, for example, the contractarian ethics, the theory of passions, Scottish and French ethics, German metaphysicians ethics, common sense ethics, ethics of duty or the utilitarian ethics.

 

Ethics II – FIL3122

Analysis of some of the basic issues and concepts of ethics based on their development in contemporary philosophy, as the analytical moral philosophy, deontological, utilitarian and contractarian theories, the ethics of virtue etc.

 

Political Philosophy – FIL3123

Analysis of some of the basic issues and concepts of political philosophy (State, sovereignty, people, power, law, rights etc) based on their development in modern philosophy, as the contractarian model, the Hegelian-Marxian model, republicanism, liberalism, democratic radicalism, and socialism.

 

Ethics III – FIL3124

Advanced studies of topics developed in Ethics I and II, with special emphasis to the ethics of virtue.

 

Ethics IV – FIL3125

Advanced studies of topics developed in Ethics I and II, with special emphasis to the ethics of duty.

 

Ethics V – FIL3126

Advanced studies of topics developed in Ethics I and II, with special emphasis to the ethics of moral feelings, contractarianism, utilitarianism, and non-cognitivist ethics.

 

Political Philosophy II – FIL3127

Investigation of some of the basic issues and concepts of political philosophy regarding ancient and medieval texts (democracy, forms of government, the political nature of man, ideal models of the city, sovereignty, political theology, the city of god and the city of man etc.).

 

Political Philosophy III – FIL3128

Investigation of some of the basic issues and concepts of political philosophy based on their development in contemporary philosophy, as the debate between liberals and comunitarians, or that between republicans and liberals, the different theories of democracy, the discussion on typical concepts of 20th century thinking, as nationalism, fascism, totalitarianism, biopolitics, multiculturalism etc., as well as the many theories of justice formulated in that century.

 

Political Philosophy IV – FIL3129

Advanced studies of some topics related to political philosophy, with special emphasis to liberal universalistic political theories.

 

Political Philosophy V – FIL3130

Advanced studies of some topics related to political philosophy, with special emphasis to communitarian and republican political philosophies.

 

Special Topics in Ethics – FIL3131

Study of specific questions related to ethics according to ad hoc literature provided by professor.

 

Special Topics in Political Philosophy – FIL3132

Study of specific questions or subjects related to political philosophy according to ad hoc literature provided by professor.

 

Ethics and Language – FIL3133

Study of specific issues related to analytical moral philosophy and discursive ethics and analysis of conceptual questions inherent in this kind of study.

 

Theories of Justice – FIL3134

Study of specific issues related to the theory of justice, from Aristotle to the contemporaries, and analysis of conceptual questions inherent in this kind of study.

 

Practical Ethics – FIL3135

Study of specific themes related to practical and applied ethics, and bioethics.

 

Philosophy of Law I – FIL3136

The law as an object of philosophical reflection. Law and justice. Law and politics. Law and justice concerning the application of rules to concrete situation. Theories of argumentation and juridical decision. Classic authors of philosophy of law. Law and constitution. The positivism and its critics.

 

Seminar of Philosophical Text Translation I – FIL3139

Seminar of Philosophical Text Translation II – FIL3159

Special Topics in Ethics: Seminar I – FIL3170

Special Topics in Ethics: Seminar II – FIL3171

 

Logic and Epistemology

 

Logic I – FIL 3001

The classical propositional calculations: syntax, semantic, axiomatizations; theorems of correction and completeness; decidability by means of truth tables. First order languages. Structures and definition of truth in structures. Validity and logical consequence. Formalized theories. Theorems of correction, completeness, and compactness.  Other topics related to proof theory and model theory. Theories of second order languages. Notions of non-classical logics.

 

Theory of Knowledge I – FIL3002

Analysis of basic problems of the theory of knowledge based on its developments from modern philosophy, as in the doctrines of empiricism, rationalism, and transcendental idealism. The problems related to the possibility of knowledge, the sources of knowledge and the limits of human knowledge. The modern foundationalist perspective, the appearance of falibilism with the empiricists and the revision of knowledge accomplished by Kantian criticism.

 

Philosophy of Science I – FIL3003

Definitions of science and scientific method. Conceptions of objectivity and experience. Controversies concerning the rationality of the evolution of knowledge, the acceptance and comparing of theories, and the scientific realism. Differences between human sciences and natural sciences.

 

Theory of Knowledge II – FIL3004

Analysis of basic problems of the theory of knowledge based on its treatment in contemporary philosophy. Issues related to the traditional conception of knowledge as true and justified belief. Attempts to solve them in contemporary trends, as naturalized epistemology, reliabilism etc. The reappearance of foundationalism.

 

Theory of Knowledge III – FIL3005

Controversies on classical themes of theory of knowledge as: rationality, certainty, evidence, truth etc. Foundationalism, falibilism, relativism, naturalized epistemology, skepticism, pragmatism, positivism etc.

 

Philosophy of Science II – FIL3006

Reasons for and against the existence of a general scientific methodology. Distinction between theoretical and observational terms. Different conceptions of the relationship between science and truth. Theories about the progress of science. Types of explanation in natural science. The “pragmatic turn” in philosophy of science.

 

Philosophy of Science III – FIL3007

Unit or plurality of methodology in human sciences. Explanation and understanding of human phenomena. The specificity of theories in human sciences. The difficulties of predicting human behavior. The influence of values in social research.

 

History of Science – FIL3008

Selective and detailed study of some key aspect or moment in history of natural or human sciences; and analysis of the conceptual issues inherent to this type of study.

 

Special Topics of Logic – FIL3009

Study of specific issues of Logic, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Special Topics of Theory of Knowledge – FIL3101

Study of specific issues of Theory of Knowledge, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Special Topics of Philosophy of Science – FIL3102

Study of specific issues of Philosophy of Science, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Special Topics of Theory of Knowledge I – FIL3103

Study of specific issues of Theory of Knowledge, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Special Topics of Philosophy of Science I – FIL3104

Study of specific issues of Philosophy of Science, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Special Topics of Theory of Knowledge II – FIL3105

Study of specific issues of Theory of Knowledge, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Special Topics of Philosophy of Science II – FIL3106

Study of specific issues of Philosophy of Science, according to ad hoc literature.

 

Philosophy of Language – FIL3107

Analysis of the main topics of philosophical discussion in the analytical tradition. Theories of meaning and theories of reference. Contemporary conceptions of language. Language and knowledge. Specificities of syntactical, semantic and pragmatic approaches to the questions concerning human language.

 

Philosophy of Mind – FIL3108

The traditional dualism and the mentalist tradition. Oppositions to the traditional mentalism, such as the materialistic and behaviorist traditions. The problem of intentionality according to its classical (Brentano) and contemporary (as Davidson and Dennett) formulations. Another trends in contemporary philosophy of mind.

 

Philosophy of Biology – FIL3111

Epistemological analysis of explanatory models, cognitive goals, fundamental concepts and methodological principles, which govern the different domains of life sciences. In addition to the classic thematic of reductionism, topics such as the distinction between proximate and ultimate explanations, the grammar of the concepts of function and adaptation, the nature of functional and selectional explanations, and the difference between transformational and variational theories of evolutionary changes, will be also discussed.

 

Philosophy of Human Sciences – FIL3112

Analysis and structure of explanation, of the nature of observation and possibility of objectivity in different domains of human sciences, with special emphasis to the reflections on the scientificity of theories within the domains of history, sociology, psychology, anthropology etc. The problem of unity of human and natural sciences.

 

Dissertation – FIL3113

 

Fundamentals and History of Psychology – FIL3114

Conceptions of psychology as empirical science and as a branch of humanities. Historical developments of behaviorism, cognitivism, intentionalism and other programs of research in psychology, as functionalism and structuralism. Psychoanalysis, Gestalt, Humanistic psychology etc.

 

History of Biology – FIL3115

Epistemological study of the constitution of the different domains of life sciences and the conceptual evolution of their main theories, with emphasis on the emergence of Evolutionary Biology and Experimental Physiology in the nineteenth century. Regarding the first topic, the main themes will be the thesis of Buffon, Lamarck, Cuvier, Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Humboldt and Darwin. Regarding the second topic, the main themes will be the programs for Physiology that were developed and proposed by X. Bichat and C. Bernard.

 

Seminars of Dissertation and Thesis – FIL3117

 

Philosophy of Technology – FIL3118

Technics and technology as forms of knowing. The relation between science and technology. Technoscience. Data, laws and technological theories. Technological explanations. Various philosophical approaches of technological knowledge: analytical, phenomenological, and critical.

Special Topics in Epistemology: Seminar I – FIL 3137

Special Topics in Epistemology: Seminar II – FIL 3138

Special Topics of History of Philosophy I: FIL3160

Special Topics of History of Philosophy II: FIL3161

Special Topics of History of Philosophy III: FIL3162

 

Ontology

 

Metaphysics – FIL3156

Analysis of recurrent problems in various ontological systems, with an emphasis on those discussions that link the determination of the essence of beings to the search of theological foundation of determination (or objectivity) in general.

Ontology and Phenomenology – FIL3157

Critical philosophy, transcendental method, the limits of metaphysical discourse, transcendental phenomenology and ontology within the limits of transcendental reflection.

 

Ontology and Philosophy of Language – FIL3142

Study of theories and ontological concepts in its relations with an analysis of language; ontology within the limits of language; predication and categories; grammatical structure and constitution of the world.

 

Systems of Ontology I – FIL 3143

Analysis of the ontological problem in Platonic philosophy, with emphasis in the discussion of supreme genera.

Systems of Ontology II – FIL 3144

Analysis of the ontological problems in Aristotelian philosophy.

 

Systems of Ontology III – FIL 3145

Analysis of the problem of modalities and its correlation with the definition of truth. The realist interpretation and the nominalist interpretation of modalities.

 

Systems of Ontology IV – FIL 3146

Analysis of the ontological problems in the Middle Ages, with an emphasis on the discussion of the Neoplatonic and Trinitarians foundations of Patristic ontology.

 

Systems of Ontology V – FIL 3147

Analysis of the ontological problems in the Middle Ages, with emphasis on the scholastic discussions on the modes of being, the transcendentals of being and the controversy of universals.

Systems of Ontology VI – FIL 3148

Analysis of ontological discussions in the Renaissance and the seventeenth century, with emphasis on the following topics: method and metaphysics and substance theories.

 

Ontology and Method I – FIL 3149

Study of the main theories of proposition and judgment inspired by classical logic and through which philosophers occupied themselves to establish the enunciative conditions of the task of sheer determination of beings in general.

 

Ontology and Method II – FIL 3150

Study of the phenomenological project towards a foundation of arithmetic and logic, phenomenological investigation of the relationships between consciousness and transcendence, transcendental reduction and phenomenological idealism, criticism of classical naturalism and problems of the Lifeworld.

 

Ontology and Method III – FIL 3151

Study of the hermeneutic project that aims to determine the connection between the constitution of linguistic significance and the constitution of objects of experience.

 

Ontology and Method IV – FIL 3152

Study of methodologies inspired by phenomenological critique of ontology and transcendental philosophy, which became known by the name “existential analytics”.

 

Ontology and Method V – FIL 3153

Study of the methodologies for research in ontological problems in general, based on the analysis of the logical-semantic properties of language, with special emphasis on theories of object and reference.

 

Ontology and Method VI – FIL 3154

Study of the methodological approaches of ontological problems, which are based on an analysis of grammatical properties or on the use of everyday language.

 

Special Topics in Ontologia – FIL 3155

Study of specific issues in ontology, according to ad hoc bibliography.

 

Contemporary Metaphysics – FIL 410035

Discussion and interpretation of various accounts in contemporary metaphysics.

 

Ontology and Philosophical Anthropology – FIL 410036

Analysis of ontological and phenomenological recurrent problems in the classical systems of Philosophical Anthropology.

 

Ontology and Psychology – FIL 410037

Analysis of ontological and phenomenological recurrent problems in clinical speeches with phenomenological, psychoanalytical and Gestaltic influences.

 

Ontology and Philosophy of Art – FIL 410038

Study of ontological and metaphysical issues inherent to philosophical aesthetics and in the different discourses on the arts.

 

Philosophical Aesthetics – FIL 410039

The aesthetic experience of the beautiful and sublime according to the classical view and its modern and contemporary developments. Beautiful nature, fine art and philosophy.

 

Ontology and Deconstruction – FIL 410040

Study of the deconstructive critiques of ontology understood as a metaphysics of presence.

 

Ontology and Nihilism – FIL 410041

Analysis and discussion of the topic of the overcoming of metaphysics, from the perspective of the phenomenon of nihilism.

 

Philosophical Psychology – FIL 410045/510044

Psychology in traditional metaphysics. Intentionalistic and non-intentionalistic contemporary approaches. Personal identity criteria. The notions of behavior and action.

 

Fundamentals and History of Psychology II – 410046/510045

The transformation of philosophy into associationist psychology. The coexistence between metaphysics and psychology. The death of metaphysics and philosophy as psychology.

 

Fundamentals of Psychology I – FIL410047/510046

J. Watson’s methodological behaviorism. The radical behaviorism of B.F. Skinner. Other analyzes of behavior not derived from Skinner.

 

Fundamentals of Psychology II – FIL 410048/510047

The psychic phenomenon according Franz Brentano. Intentionality and Gestalt in the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl. Psychology of Gestalt and Gestalttheorie. Merleau-Ponty’s reading of the notion of Gestalt.

 

Fundamentals of Psychology III – FIL 410049/510048

Psychoanalysis before Freud and Breuer. The Freudian psychoanalysis. Post-Freudian psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis and Marxism. Schopenhauer and the psychoanalysis.

 

Fundamentos da psicologia IV – FIL 410050/510049

The cognitive revolution and the realm of contemporary sciences. Basic orientations in cognitive psychology. Cognitivism, environmentalism, and the debate with the behaviorist tradition.

 

Groundwork of Clinical Discourses – FIL 410044/510039

Analysis of ontological and phenomenological recurrent issues in the clinical discourses inspired by phenomenology, psychoanalysis, and Gestalt. The negative character of the notions of Gestalt, drive and excitement. The ethical sense of the analytic of Gestalten, drives and excitements. Clinical function of metapsychological elaborations.